April 3, 2022

Different types of spray nozzles

What are the different types of spray nozzles?

We generally differ between hydraulic and pneumatic when talking about spray nozzles. Hydraulic nozzles only use liquid pressure, whereas pneumatic nozzles use air and liquid pressure. Hydraulic spray nozzles can be divided into 4 different types:

  • Flat Fan Nozzles
  • Hollow Cone  Nozzles
  • Full Cone Nozzles
  • Solid Stream Nozzles



Flat fan nozzles

Flat fan nozzles, also known as flat spray pattern nozzles, are know for their mountain-shaped spray pattern or even distribution. Read more here


  • cleaning;
  • spraying water or chemicals;
  • cooling;
  • paper or metal trimming, etc.


Flat fan



Hollow cone nozzles

Hollow cone nozzles are know for their donut-shaped spraying pattern. Read more here


  • cleaning
  • spraying water or chemicals
  • cooling and washing gases
  • cooling of fruits and vegetables in supermarkets and cold-storage production department
  • humidifying and chemical reactions
  • paper or metal trimming, etc.





Hollow cone


Full cone nozzles

Full cone nozzles spray in a cone-shaped manner. As the name suggests, the entire surface is sprayed within the cone. Read more here


  • cleaning
  • spraying water or chemicals
  • cooling
  • paper or metal trimming



Full cone spray nozzle


Solid stream nozzles

A solid stream nozzle spray in a constant solid stream. This can either be in a one-stream, two-stream or a 7-stream pattern. Read more here


  • cleaning
  • spraying water or chemicals
  • cooling
  • paper or metal trimming, etc




Solid stream spray nozzle




Pneumatic nozzles can be divided into 5 different types:

  • Fine fog nozzles
  • Semi-fine, semi-coarse fog nozzles
  • Clog-resistant nozzles
  • Blower-Air driven, ultra-low pressure nozzles
  • Steam-driven nozzles




Fine fog nozzles

Fine atomization with non-wetting fog. The droplet size is around 10µm. Read more here

  • Spraying
  • Cooling
  • Moisture control
  • Washing etc.



Fine fog spray nozzle


Semi-fine nozzles

A semi-fine fog with a droplet size of 100µm or more. Ideal for precision cooling in the steel industry or for precision cleaning in the electronics industry. Read more here

  • Precision cleaning
  • Precision cooling
  • Gas cooling
  • Steel plate cooling
  • Waste water combustion




Semi-fine spray



Clog-resistant nozzles 

Designed specially for spraying viscous liquid. The design is clog resistant. Read more here

  • Spraying oil
  • Spraying lubricant
  • Spraying honey etc.




Blower-Air driven, ultra-low pressure nozzles

Flat spray pattern. Semi-fine atomization with a droplet size around 40µ. Read more here

  • Steel plate cooling
  • Cleaning
  • Gas cooling



Blower-Air driven, ultra-low pressure



Steam-driven nozzles 

Atomization by steam instead of compressor air. Drastic saving on running cost. Read more here

  • Gas cooling
  • Moisture control